faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Herbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyTips From A Professional Stylist On How To Look Stunning In 2020HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Special Massage Techniques That Will Make You Return For MoreHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeauty More Cool Stuff 9 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Opinion & Columnists Opinion: Portantino and Social Media By CAMERON TURNER Published on Tuesday, April 22, 2014 | 12:08 pm Subscribe Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website First Heatwave Expected Next Week Make a comment Business News Community News Anthony Portantino likes Twitter and Facebook as much as the next guy, but he worries that extreme texting and posting are eroding young peopleâ€™s ability to successfully interact in the real world. The former Assemblymember recently admonished students from Muir High Schoolâ€™s Mentoring & Partnership for Youth Development (MPYD) program that, â€œWeâ€™re losing that connection. So, we have to proactively have more personal interactions.â€Of course, teens arenâ€™t the only ones getting overly caught up in their online lives. Immersion into the world of gadgets and virtual communication is also undermining face-to-face connections among adults. â€œThe neighborhood coffee shop used to be where youâ€™d go to discuss the issues of the day. Now, when you walk into Starbucks everybodyâ€™s texting or using headphones,â€ Portantino laments.Psychologists have been sounding the alarm for years about the socially corrosive effect of too much social media. And while parents often complain about their kids obsessing over their mobile devices, it turns out that a lot of kids feel the same frustration with their parents. In discussing her 2011 book, â€œAlone Together,â€ MIT researcher Dr. Sherry Turkle told the American Psychological Association, “Children say they try to make eye contact with their parents and are frustrated because their parents are looking down at their smart phones when they come out of school or after school activities.â€Turkle also cited the disintegration of an age-old bonding ritual between fathers and sons. â€œYoung men talk about how only a few years ago, their dads used to watch Sunday sports with them and during the station breaks or between plays, they used to chat. Now their fathers are too often checking their email during games,â€ Turkle said.Massachusetts psychologist Dr. Catherine Steiner-Adair, author of 2013â€™s â€œThe Big Disconnect: Protecting Childhood and Family Relationships in the Digital Ageâ€ told National Public Radio that device-focused parents are inadvertently â€œbehaving in ways that certainly tell children they don’t matter, they’re not interesting to us, they’re not as compelling as anybody, anything, any ping that may interrupt our time with them.”The good news is that each we donâ€™t have to let social media rule our lives. Anthony Portantino gave the MPYD students a common sense formula to keep our human connections strong despite our plugged in: â€œSocial media should never be a substitute for a handshake.â€Thanks for listening. Iâ€™m Cameron Turner and thatâ€™s my two cents. Community News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Top of the News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Fannie Mae FHFA Freddie Mac GSE CEO Compensation The Collingwood Group 2015-08-03 Brian Honea Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Industry Analyst Defends Massive Pay Hike for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac CEOs Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago About Author: Brian Honea The debate continues as to what the compensation level for the CEOs of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac should be since FHFA Director Mel Watt announced on July 1 that the top executives at the GSEs would each be receiving raises from $600,000 annually to about $4 million.Last week, the House Financial Services Committee passed HR 2243, the Equity in Government Compensation Act of 2015, by the overwhelming majority of 57 to 1. The bill, introduced by Rep. Ed Royce (R-California) in May, seeks to reinstate the salary caps for the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac CEOs that Watt eliminated, and is now headed to a full House vote.At least one analyst disagrees with capping the salaries, however. Tim Rood, chairman of the Washington, D.C.-based business advisory firm the Collingwood Group, wrote on the firm’s Voice of Housing blog that he hopes the bill is defeated in the House and that the two CEOs, Donald Layton at Freddie Mac and Timothy Mayopoulos at Fannie Mae, receive the multi-million pay raises granted them by their regulator.”From my perspective, these CEOs deserve a raise,” Rood wrote. “They’ve demonstrated their worth, stabilizing the companies and supporting market recovery. Yet, I understand that my perspective on a rational move to raise their salaries to a level more equitable with those of their industry peers is not perceived by others in the same way. The optics are difficult, so it’s no surprise that this bill has bipartisan support.”The cap eliminated by Watt slightly more than a month ago was put in place three years ago by then-acting FHFA director Ed DeMarco as a compromise between satisfying the demand for a reduction in those executive salaries while the GSEs remained under conservatorship of the FHFA and maintaining adequate pay for line staff, according to Rood. While not ideal, he said, the compromise reached three years ago helped the GSEs to retain high-quality, experienced staff.Rood said that the salary debate of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac CEOs was resurrected three years later only because Congress has yet to decide on the future of the two GSEs, another topic on which there has been much debate. While most everyone agrees the FHFA’s conservatorship of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac should end, not everyone agrees on what should replace the GSEs, if anything.The choice doesn’t have to be polarized, as the political positions suggest – allow the GSEs to accumulate capital and spin them off as private companies or pull them into the Federal government entirely,” Rood said. “But, whatever choice is made, the details around salaries and structure of the GSEs will fall in to place. In this bizarre half-human half-horse arrangement, there are no easy answers. However, what is being proposed will not help taxpayers and will not help the housing market – good politics is very often bad policy.” in Daily Dose, Featured, News, Secondary Market The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Share Save Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Brian Honea’s writing and editing career spans nearly two decades across many forms of media. He served as sports editor for two suburban newspaper chains in the DFW area and has freelanced for such publications as the Yahoo! Contributor Network, Dallas Home Improvement magazine, and the Dallas Morning News. He has written four non-fiction sports books, the latest of which, The Life of Coach Chuck Curtis, was published by the TCU Press in December 2014. A lifelong Texan, Brian received his master’s degree from Amberton University in Garland. The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Previous: Goldman Sachs Agrees to $270 Million RMBS Settlement with Pension Funds Next: Third Circuit Court Rules in MERS’ Favor in Pennsylvania County Recording Case Related Articles August 3, 2015 1,639 Views Print This Post Home / Daily Dose / Industry Analyst Defends Massive Pay Hike for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac CEOs Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Tagged with: Fannie Mae FHFA Freddie Mac GSE CEO Compensation The Collingwood Group The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Subscribe
A Sunday afternoon at the StubHub Center in Carson, Calif., is quite the experience. Upon entering the stadium, you can confirm that a 27,000-seat venue for professional football winds up being unique as one of the most intimate spectacles in sports. The cheapest seats here give fans fantastic proximity and a clear vantage point of the action on the field.Despite the novelty of StubHub, the Los Angeles Chargers’ current home, a stubborn issue within the confines of the stadium re-surfaced this past Sunday, when the team hosted the Philadelphia Eagles. An evil that has stared the Chargers in the face for weeks was now on full display against the Eagles.In Los Angeles’ 26-24 loss to Philadelphia, the StubHub Center transformed from the home of the Chargers to the home of the Eagles.Taking a quick glance over the reported 25,374 fans in attendance on Sunday, it appeared as if green-clad Eagles jerseys made up the majority of spectators on hand. Since the conclusion of the game, videos have circulated throughout social media documenting the Chargers’ lost home-field advantage. “Let’s Go, Eagles” chants and the classic Eagles’ fight song, “Fly Eagles Fly,” dominated the sound waves at the stadium on Sunday. On several of the Chargers’ offensive drives, the stadium rocked with chants of “Defense! Defense!”The Eagles’ takeover of StubHub was so noticeable that players from both teams commented on it postgame.“I mean, it’s almost like the Chargers got 16 away games,” Eagles veteran tackle Jason Peters told reporters. “It’s going to be tough sledding for those guys.’’The Chargers’ house doesn’t feel much like the Chargers’ home at the moment.The Chargers’ close loss to Philadelphia capped off a three-game home stand for the team in Carson. Los Angeles lost all three home contests, and the team still finds itself winless through four weeks of regular season play.“Never in a million years did I think we’d be here at 0-4, but we are,” Chargers first-year head coach Anthony Lynn said following Sunday’s game.Lynn isn’t alone in his disbelief. The Chargers’ locker room was a place of despair, frustration and confusion following a fourth consecutive defeat. Losing tightly contested games has been a cruel reality for the team in its short time back playing in Los Angeles. Three of the Chargers’ four losses this season have come by three points or less; two of the losses came by failing to convert on a late-game field goal attempt.It’s getting harder to remember this, but the Chargers’ main slogan entering 2017 was “Battle for L.A.” It would be safe to assume that, at this point, the Los Angeles Rams have a stranglehold on their contest with the Chargers for football relevancy in Los Angeles.The Rams are coming off an impressive 35-30 win over the reigning NFC East champion Dallas Cowboys on the road. Behind 31-year-old head coach Sean McVay, the 3-1 Rams appear to have a newfound spark that has the Angeleno contingency talking. (Let me be the first to remind you, though, that Jeff Fisher had the Rams at 3-1 last season before a monumental collapse).Nonetheless, the Rams are currently curb-stomping their counterpart in the battle for L.A. sports supremacy. It’s hard to argue when you look at it from a distance.A young, budding Jared Goff along with an electric Todd Gurley is much more marketable to folks than is an ageing Phillip Rivers and underused Melvin Gordon. And on the defensive side, the Rams boast arguably the most dominant defensive player in football in Aaron Donald.The Chargers can certainly pick something up from the Rams: Winning can lift a franchise out of even the lowliest of circumstances. If the Chargers can string together several victories — or at least one — at home this season, you’d think that would better alleviate a painful scenario like the team had this past Sunday at StubHub. You can’t have a home-field advantage without giving the occupants of your home field a reason to support you.For the Chargers, disinterest has been the illness thus far. Winning is the only true cure.Angel Viscarra is a junior studying broadcast and digital journalism. His column, “Viscarra’s Vice,” runs Tuesdays.
The first of a seven race card will go to post at 2.15pm.
Facebook90Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Thurston County Public WorksWhen the holidays wind down and the decorations get packed away, it’s time to figure out what to do with the Christmas tree. This season, free tree collection and drop-off opportunities are available county-wide. To prepare your tree for recycling, please remove all ornaments, lights, stands, nails, and tinsel prior to drop-off. Flocked trees are accepted.Drop-off Locations All Thurston County residents: Trees are accepted at the Waste and Recovery Center (WARC) located at 2420 Hogum Bay Road NE in Lacey from Thursday, December 26, to Sunday, January 12. The WARC is open Monday–Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 4:45 p.m. and Saturday–Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 4:45 p.m. The WARC will be closed on Wednesday, January 1, for the New Year’s holiday.Rainier residents: Take trees to the Rainier Drop Box Facility at 13010 Rainier Acres Road from Friday, December 27, to Sunday, January 12. The Rainier Drop Box Facility is open Friday–Sunday only, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.Rochester residents: Take trees to the Rochester Drop Box Facility at 16500 Sargent Road from Saturday, December 28, to Sunday, January 12. The Rochester Drop Box Facility is open Tuesday, Saturday, and Sunday only, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.).Tenino residents: Residents can take trees to 418 S. Wichman Street from Friday, December 27, to Saturday, January 18.Yelm residents: Residents can place trees in a designated dumpster at Yelm City Park anytime from Thursday, December 26 to Friday, January 10, or until the dumpster is full.Pick Up InformationLeMay yard/food waste customers: Place your tree in or near your yard/food waste cart (in sections 3 feet or less). Extra fee(s) apply for customers not signed up for yard/food waste collection. Call LeMay at (360) 923-0111 for more information.City of Lacey residents: Local Boy Scouts will provide curbside pick-up of holiday trees on Saturday, January 4, for residents within Lacey city limits. Trees must have all decorations removed and be placed curbside in front of homes by 8:00 a.m. The Boy Scouts accept donations for this community service, which can be made online at www.troop222wa.org, or BSA Troop 222, PO Box 5379, Lacey, WA 98509. For more information, contact Lacey Public Affairs at (360) 491-3214 or [email protected] of Olympia garbage customers: For customers with Tuesday/Wednesday service, tree pickup will be on Saturday, January 4. For Thursday/Friday service, pickup will be on Saturday, January 11. Place tree in regular pickup spot by 6:00 a.m. Trees over 6 feet must be cut in half. Call City of Olympia at (360) 753-8340 for more information.City of Tumwater residents: Residents may place undecorated trees behind the curb near their closest main intersection beginning Monday, January 13. Please be sure to keep sidewalks, bike lanes, and roadways clear when dropping off trees. It may take several days for crews to pick up all trees. For more information, please contact Tumwater Public Works at (360) 754-4150.Multi-family complex residents: Check with your property manager for tree placement locations.Featured photo courtesy: Boy Scouts Troop 222
Sauchuk’s Corn Maze and Pumpkin Patch in the town of Plympton said Sunday that its 10th corn maze will feature the New England Patriots’ star quarterback.The maze will open Sept. 16. The design has been unveiled on the farm’s Facebook page.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’Boston.com reports the crops won’t be fashioned into the shape of Brady until closer to the farm’s opening day. Farm owner Scott Sauchuk plants and grows the corn, which he says is a 90- to 100-day process. A company will then spend one day chopping the corn into the desired shape.Sauchuk says the decision was based on the Patriots’ Super Bowl victory over the Atlanta Falcons earlier this year. LATEST STORIES MOST READ Missile-capable frigate BRP Jose Rizal inches closer to entering PH Navy’s fleet PLYMPTON, Massachusetts — A Massachusetts farm is honoring Tom Brady with a corn maze designed in his image.ADVERTISEMENT IT happens: Facebook sorry for Xi Jinping’s name mistranslation Malacañang open to creating Taal Commission Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments Duterte’s ‘soft heart’ could save ABS-CBN, says election lawyer End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LIVE: Sinulog 2020 Grand Parade 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano IT happens: Facebook sorry for Xi Jinping’s name mistranslation PH 5 scrapes past Taipei B Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’
President Barack Obama has announced other activities in addition to the existing ones characterizing the Mandela Washington Fellowship.The announcement comes following the hosting of another batch of 500 young Africans at various universities in the United States to study in various areas including Civil Service, Public Management and Entrepreneurship.In the President’s pronouncement, he said the Mandela Washington Fellowship (otherwise known as YALI) Regional Leadership Center (RLC) now opens in Accra, Ghana. Additionally, up to 80 Americans will participate in a reverse exchange next year, traveling to Africa to work directly with Mandela Washington Fellow Alumni and other young people and institutions across the continent.As a result of high growth of the membership of YALI Network in the tone of 140,000, members will now have access to expanded online courses, including three new online courses called the “Mandela Washington Fellowship Institute.”President Obama also affirmed that next year the Mandela Washington Fellowship will expand to 1,000 participants.This summer, YALI Regional Leadership Centers have begun providing leadership training to young Africans between the ages of 18 and 35, further expanding YALI’s reach. These innovative and technology rich Centers in Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, and South Africa will reach every country in sub-Saharan Africa. The first Center, located in Nairobi, Kenya welcomed its inaugural group of 80 young leaders in July and hosted President Obama for his civil society town hall during his recent visit to Kenya. In Accra, Ghana, the Regional Leadership Center covering much of West Africa welcomes and begins training 100 motivated and talented young Africans. The four Centers will train approximately 3,500 young African leaders annually. Admission to the Centers is merit-based, broadly representative of each Center’s region and diversity, and will have gender-balanced participation.To ensure that the Centers provide relevant, quality training, each is designed to include a broad array of public-private partnerships, building upon the assets of African institutions and the resources of the United States. YALI RLC partners include Microsoft, McKinsey & Company, Procter & Gamble, and many others who have committed more than $80 million of financial and in-kind resources in support of the Centers. The MasterCard Foundation, a premier partner, recently expanded its contribution to the YALI Regional Leadership Centers by committing an additional $5 million in financial resources. The expansion of YALI programs over the past five years has allowed the U.S. government to connect with more young Africans than ever before. To date, tens of thousands of young African men and women have increased their skills, professional networks, and resolve in driving positive change in Africa. YALI is providing opportunities for young Africans to enhance their leadership skills and create meaningful ties with American citizens, businesses, organizations, and each other. The Mandela Washington Fellowship is the flagship program of YALI, the President’s signature initiative launched in 2010 to deepen the United States’ engagement with the youth of Africa. YALI supports young African leaders as they work to spur growth and prosperity, strengthen democratic governance, and enhance peace and security across the continent.Since the completion of their Fellowship experience in the United States, Class of 2014 Fellows are reportedly building innovative businesses, connecting with American and African investors, forging new relationships with young leaders across African nations, and serving their communities with skills developed during the Fellowship. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
America’s expert consultancy on airline fare add-ons is expected to report next month that so-called ancillary revenue has grown by at least another 20 per cent in the past year as the air fare pricing revolution becomes a permanent feature of the travel landscape.IdeaWorks’ November update will follow its 2016 Ancillary Revenue Yearbook, published last month, which details, airline by airline, how dependent the air travel industry now is on so-called a la carte pricing, which travel consumers have taken to in the past decade.The numbers bluntly illustrate why there’s no going back to the era of fully inclusive air fare pricing: airlines globally are collecting around $US60 billion in air fare add-ons. But the global airline industry is collectively making less than $US40 billion profit – one of the best (or least worst) years for an industry which is said to have lost more money than it has ever made, but still a paltry return on an estimated $US717 billion in revenue.In other words, take away a la carte pricing and airlines are collectively losing $US20 billion a year.There’s no doubt that consumers reacted badly when airlines – having to devise new ways to recover their losses when fuel prices soared last decade – started to charge them for items that were previously “free”. Complaints against airlines soared.It wasn’t helped by the fact that the new extras pricing is for products and services that cost airlines next to nothing to provide – like preferred seating. Even the new baggage charges – once originally part of the ticket price – are based on steep markups on the cost actually incurred in airport ground-handling.But, as average air fares globally continue to fall, travellers have realised they’re not paying any more overall. In fact, a la carte pricing has been most successful among price-sensitive travellers flying on low-cost airlines on holiday routes.”Low-cost carriers rely upon a la carte activity by aggressively seeking revenue from checked bags, assigned seats, and extra leg room seating,” says IdeaWorks’ 2016 Ancillary Revenue Yearbook. “Some of the best in this category have extensive holiday package business with route structures built upon leisure destinations. Allegiant in the US and Jet2.com in the UK share the common bond of emphasizing leisure travel; the airlines essentially are holiday package companies that own an airline.”To that category you can add low-cost Asia Pacific carriers like Scoot, AirAsia and AirAsia X, Jetstar and Tigerair, all of which are focused on holiday routes and use add-on pricing options, though they lack the aggressiveness of the so-called ultra-low-cost carriers of North America.In the US, the fast-growing Spirit Airlines is the world leader in a la carte pricing, deriving 43.4 per cent – or $US51.80 per passenger – of its total revenue from optional extras. Spirit is one of the few airlines globally that charges for cabin luggage carried onto its planes by passengers – from $US35 to $100 per passenger, dearer even than its checked baggage fees that range from $30 to $50.The number two airline globally is also a US ultra-low-cost holiday airline, Allegiant, which derives 37.6 per cent of its totally revenue from extras, an average of $US49.94 per passenger.It’s not just on short-haul low-cost networks where a la carte pricing has taken over. Ideaworks’ yearbook notes that trans-Atlantic carriers Norwegian Air Shuttle and Icelandair, as well as Jetstar and Scoot in the Asia-Pacific are “dedicated to an a la carte mission on long haul flights”.”IdeaWorksCompany believes the outcome is very predictable –basic economy (without add-on extras) will eventually be offered on long haul markets by carriers with names like American, Lufthansa, KLM, and United,” the report says. “Some may mourn the passing of simpler times when a long-haul ticket price included the promise of a checked bag, seat assignment, and an oftentimes inedible meal. “But consumer behaviour supports the popularity of seat-only tickets that deliver a lower price. The array of choices provided by a la carte methods allows these consumers to click and pay a premium for more comfort and convenience. Ancillary revenue represents the safety net which determines whether low fares can coexist with airline profitability.”Air travel consumers can now add to their checklist their own survey of how hungry their chosen carrier is for extras. The alphabetical listing of airlines showing what percentage of revenue each derives from ancillaries begins on Page 20 of the 2016 IdeaWorks Ancillary Revenue Yearbook.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Brothers Nole and Clay Gerfen from the Ridgemont Chapter are both finalists for National Proficiency awards. Nole is a finalist in Diversified Livestock and Clay in competing in Diversified Agricultural Production. Their projects are separate but there is quite a bit of teamwork with the brothers that are both competitive at the highest level of the national FFA proficiency competition.Here is more from the brothers.
Last week we took at look at one way to achieve very-high-performance windows: adding additional layers of glazing and multiple low-emissivity (low-e) coatings. This week, we’ll look at another option that’s even higher-tech: vacuum-insulated glass.We know how well vacuums work in reducing heat flow. That’s how Thermos bottles function. We have a thirty-year-old Stanley Thermos bottle at home that keeps hot chocolate piping hot for eight hours. Most of the air molecules have been removed from the double-walled stainless steel shell of a Thermos bottle, and this dramatically slows conductive and convective heat flow. You might remember from high-school physics that conduction depends on having molecules close together so that kinetic energy can be transferred from one molecule to the next, while convection depends on molecules of a warm fluid (such as air) moving from one place to another and transferring heat in the process.The same principle can be used in a window if the space between two layers of glass is evacuated. That’s what Michigan-based Guardian Industries, one of the world’s largest glass manufacturers, is doing with its Vacuum-Insulated Glass (VIG). While not yet on the market, Guardian has had this product under development for a number of years–and a few foreign companies have VIG windows on the market already.Guardian’s product separates two layers of glass by a very thin space–just 250 microns or a quarter-millimeter–using tiny, almost invisible “pillars” to keep the panes of glass from sucking together and touching. Instead of standard clear glass, Guardian uses an advanced low-e glass as one of the layers. The use of low-e glass is critically important, because it slows down the third form of heat transfer through windows: radiation. Radiant heat flow can occur without air, so this becomes the primary means of heat loss through a VIG window.The performance of Guardian’s VIG glazing is indeed very good. Scott Thomsen, vice president and chief technology officer at Guardian Industries, told me that their VIG will achieve at least R-10 (center-of-glass) insulation, with potential for R-12. The use of the latest-generation low-e coating is crucial to this level of performance. If the company were using the best low-e from five years ago (which was made by sandwiching two low-e coatings together–low-e2), the performance would only be about R-7 center-of-glass. The newest low-e sandwiches three layers together (low-e3), significantly increasing the insulating performance of the VIG.The company has been aiming for performance comparable to a triple-glazed window with two low-e coatings and krypton gas fill—the sort of window I wrote about last week. Thomsen says they will achieve this performance at about the cost of a triple-glazed window with argon gas fill (argon is a lot cheaper than krypton) and with a VIG glazing unit just over a quarter-inch thick, rather than over an inch for triple glazing.Even though the vacuum needed in a VIG window is “softer” than that used in a Thermos bottle (10-4 torr instead of 10-6 torr in the parlance of vacuum physics, or one-hundredth as strong a vacuum), the edge seal is still extremely important. If the vacuum seal is lost, that R-10 to R-12 window would probably end up not much better than R-2.According to Thomsen, the edge seal is a “hermetic, glass-to-glass bond using a non-organic, lead-free solder glass frit material.” In other words, it’s not a glue or traditional sealant that’s commonly used in sealed insulated-glass units. He tells me that the “frit” is a “modified version of a proven material that has been around for several decades” and is used in both flat-screen and older-style, picture-tube televisions.One drawback to a VIG window is that the tiny pillars that keep the panes of glass separated slightly affect the optical clarity of the windows. When viewed at a low angle, these tiny beads are visible to some people. Guardian has found in focus groups that about 50% of people were able to see them. It’s unclear how much of an issue this will be in windows used for views; it shouldn’t make any difference in windows above the vision plane or in skylights.Guardian hopes to begin initial production of their VIG in late 2011 with fully automated production anticipated for mid-2012. Thomsen expects that their VIG will begin trickling into the market in early 2012, depending on how quickly their partners proceed with product development. (Guardian provides glass to window manufacturers; the company does not itself produce finished windows.) He anticipates that initial market growth will be strongest in Europe, where stricter energy codes will go into effect in 2012, followed by the U.S. when Phase II Energy Star standards are instituted.We are in for some exciting times in the window industry for sure! What do you think? Are vacuum-insulated glazings going to make it?I invite you to share your comments on this blog. You can also follow my musings on Twitter.