View Comments The Father, by Florian Zeller in a new translation by Tony and Oscar winner Christopher Hampton (Sunset Boulevard, Dangerous Liaisons), is returning to London’s West End. Kenneth Cranham will reprise his role in the production, which will play a limited engagement February 24 through March 26. Directed by James Macdonald, the show will officially open on March 1 at the Duke of York’s Theatre.Now 80 years old, Andre was once a tap dancer. He lives with his daughter Anne and her husband Antoine. Or was he an engineer whose daughter Anne lives in London with her new lover, Pierre? The thing is, he is still wearing his pyjamas, and he can’t find his watch. He is starting to wonder if he’s losing control.Further casting will be announced later. Frank Langella will headline the American premiere of The Father, helmed by Doug Hughes, this spring at Broadway’s Samuel J. Friedman Theatre.
James Corden(Photo: Jason Bell/CBS) View Comments The 70th annual Tony Awards ceremony is almost here! We’ve pulled together some frequently asked questions about Broadway’s starriest ceremony so you can find all of the answers in one place. Happy Tonys, everybody!When are the 2016 Tony Awards? Sunday, June 12, 2016 at 8PM EST.Where will the Tony Awards ceremony be held? The Beacon Theatre on New York City’s Upper West Side.How can I prep for the 2016 Tony Awards? Let’s prep for the Great White Way’s biggest night together! Broadway.com has joined forces with CBS to produce a pre-Tony Awards TV special. Broadway.com Presents At the Tonys, hosted by our own Senior Editor Imogen Lloyd Webber, will air on WCBS 2 in New York and across the country this weekend.Who is hosting the 2016 Tony Awards? James Corden! Corden, who won a 2012 Tony Award for his performance in One Man, Two Guvnors, made his Broadway debut in The History Boys. He is also the host of The Late Late Show and has moved his popular segment “Carpool Karaoke” into prominence and primetime. We can’t wait to ride shotgun with him on June 12!How can I watch the Tony Awards ceremony? Tune into CBS or the livestream from 8-11PM ET/delayed PT to see the presentation of the major awards and performances. Be sure to follow Broadway.com on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat and Tumblr for live updates and broadcasts of the red carpet, press room and more!Can I watch the Tony telecast if I am not in the U.S.A.? The following international broadcasters will carry the show: Bell’s CTV in Canada, PRAMER’S FILM & ARTS (AMC) in Latin, Central and South America, Sky Network Arts Channel in New Zealand, Foxtel Arena Channel in Australia, WOWOW in Japan, LeTV2, China OTT, Wasu TV, Mango TV and Beijing IQIYI in China, ABS-CBN in the Philippines and Armed Forces Network Television, which is available to the U.S. Armed Forces stationed outside of the United States. Check local listings for more info.Who are the 2016 Tony nominees? Click here for a complete list of the 2016 Tony Award nominees. Want to know the nominees’ deep dark secrets? Watch this! Want them to serenade you? No problem.Who are the presenters at the 2016 Tony Awards?A starry roster of presenters and participants will include Uzo Aduba, Cate Blanchett, Christian Borle, Common, Edie Brickell, Claire Danes, Jesse Tyler Ferguson, Josh Groban, Jake Gyllenhaal, Neil Patrick Harris, Sean Hayes, Nikki M. James, James Earl Jones, Daniel Dae Kim, Carole King, Diane Lane, Nathan Lane, Angela Lansbury, Lucy Liu, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Steve Martin, Marlee Matlin, Audra McDonald, Patina Miller, Bebe Neuwirth, Andrew Rannells, Chita Rivera, Saoirse Ronan, Keri Russell, Meg Ryan, Barbra Streisand, Aaron Tveit, Blair Underwood, Oprah Winfrey and Mary Elizabeth Winstead.What shows will be performing during the Tony Awards ceremony?The Tony Awards are always a singing-dancing event! This year, the stars of Broadway’s Shuffle Along, She Loves Me, School of Rock, Fiddler on the Roof, The Color Purple, Hamilton, Bright Star, Spring Awakening and Chicago will perform numbers. Additionally, composer and lyricist Sara Bareilles will join the cast of Waitress while Gloria Estefan will join the company of On Your Feet! for unforgettable performances.Where can I find photos, videos and features about the big event?Hello! You’re already here. Check in with Broadway.com during and after the ceremony for a complete list of winners, photos, video and other highlights of Broadway’s biggest night…and don’t forget about us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat and Tumblr.What fun stuff can I do during the telecast?If you’re already following us on social media, you know we’re going to have a good time together! You can also follow members of the Broadway.com team on Twitter: Editor-in-Chief Paul Wontorek (@PaulWontorek), Managing Editor Beth Stevens (@beebea) and Senior Editor Imogen Lloyd Webber (@illoydwebber).
Daveed Diggs We’ve got our right hand man back! Hamilton Tony winner Daveed Diggs is currently focusing on his experimental hip-hop group clipping; the L.A. based rap collective will release their latest album Splendor & Misery on September 9. Diggs recently stopped by The Late Late Show with James Corden to perform “A Better Place.” He also spoke about hearing Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton demo tape for the first time and now being able to text his rap idol, MC Hammer. “We text now!” Diggs said. “Real talk! My palms get real sweaty. I do lots of drafts.” Good to have you back, Daveed! Enjoy the clips below! View Comments Daveed Diggs Star Files
Thomas also advises keeping them moist because they will dry out faster outside. After you put the plants into a bigger pot with fresh potting mix, fertilize them withone-quarter-strength fertilizer. Check for good drainage and water them thoroughly. “The whole process should take four to five days for vegetables and about two weeksfor ornamentals,” Thomas said. “Don’t put them in direct sunlight right away,” said Paul Thomas, a horticulturist withthe University of Georgia Extension Service. “It will burn leaves not used to highlight.” “They allow better air flow, better drainage and just look better,” he said. When you move plants outside, the leaves aren’t the only parts that need attention.Check the roots, too. “Shade, shade, shade is the key,” Thomas said. “Keep them shaded for a day or twountil turgid (filled out), then give them dappled light and slowly move them into longerand longer sunlight.” “Some plants will also need old leaves removed,” Thomas said. If you managed to save ferns through the winter, they may be thickly thatched withstraw. “You need to protect the plants from strong winds until new growth is established,” hesaid. “Most houseplants prefer dappled shade under trees.” When you first take outside the plants you stored indoors over the winter, or seedlingsyou’ve rooted inside, treat them like your own skin. Reintroduce them to the hotsummer sun slowly, or they too will get burned. If you started your seeds inside and are ready to plant them in your flower bed orvegetable garden, break them in gently. “Repot any root-bound plants when you move them outside,” Thomas said, “usually toa pot two inches larger all around the roots.” “Cut all the straw out, leaving any green leaves,” Thomas said. “New growth will flushafter a week or two under dappled shade if you add a quarter fertilizer and water.” Thomas always recommends repotting into clay pots. Remember to water seedlings more as you give them more light. When the bright summer sun peeks through and sunbathers take to the beaches, skingets burned. Plants are a bit like that, too.
Testing in Georgia “Modern landfills are also lined to keep the leachate water from getting into groundwater,” Smith said. “This water has to be treated before it’s sent to the local water treatment plant.” Traditional landfills are designed to keep air and water out. The new process involves putting them in. The old way “Normally, organic waste is piled up, the microorganisms begin to work and in the process, they deplete the oxygen,” said Matt Smith, an agricultural engineer with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “The waste degrades slowly,” Smith said. “And unfortunately, methane gas is produced.” Landfill operators must collect the gas and either burn it off or compress it for use as an alternative fuel. Good, but pricey to start Other benefits include easier recycling The new way saves space and protects the environment More landfill space isn’t the only benefit. The process results in stable organic material that can be sorted and sold or given to recycling companies. “What’s left are plastics, wood, cement, glass and other stable materials,” Smith said. “Once you’ve mined and separated the remaining materials, you can market them.” Some of these materials might be sold. Others are given away. Either case makes more landfill space available for reuse. Handling the methane gas and leachate water are costly processes for landfill operators. Smith and engineers from the firm of Arcadis, Geraghty and Miller developed a process that uses air and water to speed up the decomposing. “We reinject the waste with the leachate water and additional fresh water and pump air into the waste,” Smith said. “The extra water and air feed microorganisms that work much quicker at decomposing the waste.” A University of Georgia engineer, a private engineering firm and operators of a Metro Atlanta landfill have developed a process that could reduce the amount of landfill space needed to meet Georgia’s needs. “Our main 207-acre site takes in more than 5,000 tons of solid waste each day,” said Hughe Brown, special projects manager at the Live Oak Landfill. “Landfills typically have a life of 20-30 years, depending on the volume of waste in the area.” S. Omahen, UGA CAES Stages increase landfill life The engineers tested the new process with their project partners at Waste Management, a national firm that operates waste treatment facilities nationwide. Using a 2.5-acre, 30-foot-deep waste site at the Live Oak Landfill in DeKalb County, Ga., the team proved the new process works. “The waste settles much, much quicker. In the long run, that results in more space for landfill operators,” Smith said. “Just 12 weeks into our first test, we recorded 6-percent settlement.” The new process also produces less methane. The methane levels on the pilot site were up to 90 percent lower than those in traditional landfills. S. Omahen, UGA CAES By using the new process, then mining the remaining materials, a landfill could recover 75 percent to 90 percent of its space, Smith said. The process expands the life of the landfill. But the startup cost is high. “It cost Live Oak Landfill $2 million to test the process. So it’s quite an investment,” Smith said. “But the result is a much more environmentally friendly landfill than we traditionally see.” PUMPING WATER AND AIR into landfills can help the material in them decompose more quickly, say University of Georgia scientists. Matt Smith, right, checks the pressure of a well pumping water into the test landfill site at Live Oak Landfill with the help of Hughe Brown. This process, when combined with removing recyclable materials, can recover 75 percent to 90 percent of the space in a landfill. “The key is to use the process in stages throughout the landfill,” he said. “You fill in one area while you’re decomposing another. In the end, you’ve increased the life of the landfill. And you’ve created a much more stable landfill in the process.”
Young leaves of many species use trichomes to shade photosynthesis cells until they are fully functional. Some trichomes tangle, disrupt and confuse bugs and prevent some types of insect injury. Others, with defensive materials at their ends, touch and stab at insect visitors. The tangle and mass of trichomes interfere with chewing-caused injuries. Trichomes can help slow water loss from leaves, too, by forming a thick layer of higher humidity around each leaf. Trichomes on absorbing roots help take up water and essential elements. Some root trichomes act as avenues of colonization for beneficial fungi and bacteria in the soil. Unfortunately, some pathogens use trichomes for attaching to the root. Go feel some trichomes All kinds of trichomes Take a close look at a sycamore leaf. It can be so fuzzy on its underside that the dense trichomes can be rubbed off into small balls of fluff. Sycamore leaf trichomes can cause allergic reactions and respiration problems. The fuzzy materials look like hairs, but they’re not. R. Crang, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign THEY’RE TRICHOMES, NOT HAIRS, begs Kim Coder, UGA forester. These are sycamore leaf trichomes that are detached from the leaf. These tiny structures, under extreme magnification here, serve all kinds of purposes for the plant they’re on; they hold water, gather nutrients, absorb sunlight and protect the plant from insects or disease-carrying organisms. On new roots, trichomes are found just behind the growing tips. These root trichomes are sometimes mistakenly called “root hairs.” Trichomes can form round containers that hold water on leaf surfaces. Some trichomes are glandular. These have various materials that accumulate in or on their tips. The stickiness of butternut leaves and fruits come from glandular trichomes exuding materials. Glandular trichomes also serve important waste removal functions in trees. Some species of trees which grow on alkaline soils or near the ocean transport salts and heavy metals onto the trichomes’ ends. This secreted material prevents tissue damage and helps ease the washing away of excessive salts. The underlying purposes for trichomes are as diverse as the trichomes and tree species themselves. Roles revolve around light absorption and reflection, tissue protection, water conservation and microbial interactions. Trichomes’ purpose Feel some of our native trees. Many have trichomes of one form or another. If a tree has trichomes at all, it usually has them on the underside of leaves. Green ash, sycamore, Southern magnolia, red mulberry, red elm, live oak, black oak, chestnut oak, post oak and river birch are just a few of the many trees that have trichomes. One common exotic tree, the royal paulownia, is so densely covered with thick trichomes that its leaves feel like thick felt. An old common name for paulownia is “cottonwood” because of the dense, cottony texture of the leaf surface. When you feel a leaf surface on a tree and the texture is hairy, rough, bristly, or silky, you’re touching trichomes. Try not to call them hairs. Trichomes can be all over the tree — from leaves to root tips. They’re part of the surface structure of tree parts. They are formed from the outermost layers of leaves, buds and roots. Some remain alive for long periods. Others quickly die, leaving an empty shell behind. Trichomes are unique for most taxonomic groups of trees and can be used for identification. Trichomes can be tall or short, thin or fat, big or tiny. They develop from a single cell or many cells on new tree surfaces like absorbing roots and leaves. They can be thickened at the base or have a large bulb at the end. They can stick straight up above the tree surface or recline on the surface. Some trichomes are temporary, lasting just weeks, while some are permanent fixtures on tree surfaces. Trichomes can be disposable, breaking apart or falling off over time. Trees have many types of thread-like growths on buds, leaves and roots, but none ofthem are hairs. Mammals have hair and fur. Trees have “trichomes.”Fuzzy trees
Left to its own course, a peach tree will bear many more fruits than it can grow to adequate size if they all make it through the late frosts. But proper hand-thinning or judicious pruning can lead to an optimal backyard peach crop.Generally, we advise homeowners to remove fruits to a spacing of 6 inches along shoots on the outer portion of the canopy and 8 inches along shoots in the shaded portion.That sounds pretty easy. But there’s more to thinning a tree than just dropping some fruits on the ground on a Saturday afternoon.Timing Is Everything”Timing is everything,” they say. And in the case of thinning peaches, that’s absolutely true. As fruits develop, every week after bloom that the tree carries too many fruits can cost 3 percent to 6 percent in fruit size.Earlier thinning also improves the crop yield and fruit size you can expect the following year. This is because the following year’s fruit buds are being produced while fruit is still on the tree.So earlier thinning will allow more water and nutrients to be available not only for this year’s crop, but for next year’s as well.Thin Flowers CarefullyIf you’re thinning blooms, be careful to leave more flowers to hedge bets against a late frost. Thin to two or three flowers every 4 inches along a shoot — two near the end of the shoot and three close to the base.You can follow that practice two to three weeks later by removing small fruits to the 6- to 8-inch spacing. Making two trips to the tree is laborious and time-consuming. But it’s effective.Or you can use yet another method of reducing the fruit load per tree. Pruning during the dormant season (after Valentine’s Day to avoid a tree-damaging freeze) can reduce the amount of hand-thinning by 10 percent. Best of all, if you do it properly, you can increase the tree’s yield by 12 percent or more.Less Is MoreYou may wonder why removing shoot tissue that could bear fruit will improve the yield. There are two reasons. The crop load to which the tree will be distributing water and nutrients will be lowered to a level the tree’s systems can handle.The amount of unnecessary vegetative (shading) growth will be reduced. In other words, this pruning can bring a tree into a balance that favors optimum fruit growth. Properly thinned peaches are better able to reach their optimum size. Photo: CAES File Photo Research has revealed that removing all shoots less than 12 inches long resulted in greater numbers and size of fruits and in many more pounds of fruit per tree.Besides removing these smaller shoots, if you also reduce the length of the remaining shoots by 50 percent, the yield on some varieties increased by 30 percent and the size by up to 16 percent in some years, compared to trees that aren’t pruned.It’s worth the effort. A little extra time this spring will bring fruitful results this summer.
It’s a lot of trouble to get this year’s poinsettias to bloom again next year, but the result can be worth it.Poinsettias originate from Mexico, where they bloom during the winter. They prefer bright, sunny windows and evenly moist conditions. But for the colorful bracts to develop, they have to have nights longer than 12 hours.They begin to set buds and produce flowers as the nights become longer than days. In Georgia, this happens around Sept. 25. If you don’t provide artificially long “nights,” poinsettias will stay green all winter.Trigger New BractsTo trigger new bracts, bring poinsettias indoors in early October and place them in a sunny window. Continue to grow them as you did outdoors, except with less fertilizer.Beginning that week, keep the plant in complete darkness for 14 continuous hours each night by moving plants into a dark room or placing a large box over them.If light reaches the plant accidentally during this period, it may revert to its vegetative state and stay green. During the day, allow 6 to 8 hours of bright sunlight. Keep this up for eight to 10 weeks, or until about Nov. 15.
By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaGeorgia tobacco farmers’ share of money from a 1998 tobacco settlement that compensates states for smoking-related health problems will be late — if it comes at all.About 300 farmers and industry representatives met to discuss this and other tobacco issues at a meeting Dec. 21 at the University of Georgia’s Rural Development Center in Tifton, Ga.Since 1999, Phase II checks have been issued on Dec. 30. They usually arrive in the mailboxes of eligible U.S. farmers or quota owners by the first of the year. But not this year, said Lamar DeLoach, president of the Tobacco Growers Association of Georgia.These payments from tobacco companies are intended to offset farmers’ income losses to reduced U.S. tobacco consumption stemming from the Master Settlement Agreement that awarded states $206 billion. The companies agreed to pay U.S. farmers and quota owners $5.15 billion over 12 years.The tobacco companies say they should no longer be required to pay farmers this money, since legislation signed Oct. 22 by President George Bush signaled the end of the Depression-era U.S. tobacco quota program.The companies will pay about $10 billion in compensation to U.S. farmers for the end of this program, something most farmers wanted.A North Carolina business court is expected to rule on the Phase II money case later this week. An appeal is expected regardless of the ruling. The appeal could take three months to six months to resolve, said Donnie Smith, executive director of the Georgia Tobacco Community Development Board, which oversees the distribution of the money in Georgia.Either way, Smith said, payments will be, at the least, delayed.”We know this situation puts tobacco growers and quota owners in a difficult situation,” Smith said. He noted that many farmers depend on the money to make payments on equipment, supplies, loans or taxes.Georgia’s 2004 Phase II payment would be about $25 million, he said.Language in the national settlement says tobacco companies can reduce their Phase II payments by any amount taxed against them in order to make other payments to farmers and quota owners, said J. Michael Moore, a tobacco agronomist with the UGA Extension Service.The money that will go to farmers and quota owners for the end of the tobacco program can be considered this type of tax.But when does the federal program end? The bill that abolishes the program doesn’t take effect until June 30, 2005. Tobacco companies haven’t paid any money to farmers or quota owners for the end of the program, yet, DeLoach said.The companies should be made to pay their 2004 Phase II payment, DeLoach said.”It seems pretty cut-and-dried to me,” he said.The companies have paid three-quarters of the 2004 Phase II money. It sits now in a trust held by JPMorgan Chase Bank.
Less hurricanes”El Niño normally reaches peak intensity and coveragein thewinter,” Paz said. “The first impact felt in the SoutheasternU.S. has been the relatively inactive hurricane season. In spiteof predictions to the contrary, 2006 has been a quiet tropicalseason so far, and many are blaming the developing ElNiño.”El Niño is known to create an environment of high shear(windschanging with height) over hurricane formation regions in theAtlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, Paz said. This hindershurricane development.”With El Niño continuing to grow and the hurricaneseason morethan half over,” he said, “we expect below-average activity theremainder of the hurricane season.”The decrease in tropical activity combined with the ElNiño willactually bring drier-than-normal weather to Florida, southernAlabama and southern Georgia in September and October, Paz said.The El Niño is not expected to influence the temperaturesduringthese months.The climate in the Southeast would be fairly dry in the fallwithout the impact of a tropical system. More rain, colder tempsBut from November to March, SECC experts say the ElNiño maybring more frequent storms, excessive rainfall and coolertemperatures to Florida and coastal Alabama and Georgia.The increased rainfall and cloudiness associated with El Niñowill cause average temperatures to be cooler than normal duringthe winter, Paz said. However, the El Niño should actually reducethe risk of severe cold outbreaks in the Southeast.”The cooler temperatures should result in greater chillaccumulations over the course of the season,” he said. “But thestrong subtropical jet stream that is typical of El Niñoblocksthe intrusions of cold Arctic air masses.”To view detailed SECC climate forecasts, see the consortium’s Website at www.agclimate.org. Started in July, will last through winterThe condition began in July, when unusually warm sea surfacetemperatures appeared along the equator around the InternationalDate Line, Paz said. It has since spread all the way to the coastof South America.Over the past two weeks, Paz said, the spread of unusually warmwater has taken on the traditional El Niño pattern.”It’s very likely that the current El Niño willintensify furtherand last through the winter of 2007,” he said.So how will this El Niño affect the Southeasternclimate? By Sharon OmahenUniversity of GeorgiaThe return of an El Niño climate pattern in the PacificOceanwill make the Georgia, Florida and Alabama weather colder andwetter this fall and winter, says University of Georgiaagrometeorologist Joel Paz. But residents of these states willfight fewer hurricanes.Paz tracks climate patterns as a member of the Southeast ClimateConsortium, offering advice on neutral, El Niño and LaNiñaclimate phases. The SECC also includes UGA state climatologistDavid Stooksbury and his Florida State counterpart David Zierden.The SECC’s fall climate outlook for Georgia, Florida and Alabamais based on an El Niño that has returned for the firsttime since2003, said Paz, a UGA College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences faculty member.