Young leaves of many species use trichomes to shade photosynthesis cells until they are fully functional. Some trichomes tangle, disrupt and confuse bugs and prevent some types of insect injury. Others, with defensive materials at their ends, touch and stab at insect visitors. The tangle and mass of trichomes interfere with chewing-caused injuries. Trichomes can help slow water loss from leaves, too, by forming a thick layer of higher humidity around each leaf. Trichomes on absorbing roots help take up water and essential elements. Some root trichomes act as avenues of colonization for beneficial fungi and bacteria in the soil. Unfortunately, some pathogens use trichomes for attaching to the root. Go feel some trichomes All kinds of trichomes Take a close look at a sycamore leaf. It can be so fuzzy on its underside that the dense trichomes can be rubbed off into small balls of fluff. Sycamore leaf trichomes can cause allergic reactions and respiration problems. The fuzzy materials look like hairs, but they’re not. R. Crang, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign THEY’RE TRICHOMES, NOT HAIRS, begs Kim Coder, UGA forester. These are sycamore leaf trichomes that are detached from the leaf. These tiny structures, under extreme magnification here, serve all kinds of purposes for the plant they’re on; they hold water, gather nutrients, absorb sunlight and protect the plant from insects or disease-carrying organisms. On new roots, trichomes are found just behind the growing tips. These root trichomes are sometimes mistakenly called “root hairs.” Trichomes can form round containers that hold water on leaf surfaces. Some trichomes are glandular. These have various materials that accumulate in or on their tips. The stickiness of butternut leaves and fruits come from glandular trichomes exuding materials. Glandular trichomes also serve important waste removal functions in trees. Some species of trees which grow on alkaline soils or near the ocean transport salts and heavy metals onto the trichomes’ ends. This secreted material prevents tissue damage and helps ease the washing away of excessive salts. The underlying purposes for trichomes are as diverse as the trichomes and tree species themselves. Roles revolve around light absorption and reflection, tissue protection, water conservation and microbial interactions. Trichomes’ purpose Feel some of our native trees. Many have trichomes of one form or another. If a tree has trichomes at all, it usually has them on the underside of leaves. Green ash, sycamore, Southern magnolia, red mulberry, red elm, live oak, black oak, chestnut oak, post oak and river birch are just a few of the many trees that have trichomes. One common exotic tree, the royal paulownia, is so densely covered with thick trichomes that its leaves feel like thick felt. An old common name for paulownia is “cottonwood” because of the dense, cottony texture of the leaf surface. When you feel a leaf surface on a tree and the texture is hairy, rough, bristly, or silky, you’re touching trichomes. Try not to call them hairs. Trichomes can be all over the tree — from leaves to root tips. They’re part of the surface structure of tree parts. They are formed from the outermost layers of leaves, buds and roots. Some remain alive for long periods. Others quickly die, leaving an empty shell behind. Trichomes are unique for most taxonomic groups of trees and can be used for identification. Trichomes can be tall or short, thin or fat, big or tiny. They develop from a single cell or many cells on new tree surfaces like absorbing roots and leaves. They can be thickened at the base or have a large bulb at the end. They can stick straight up above the tree surface or recline on the surface. Some trichomes are temporary, lasting just weeks, while some are permanent fixtures on tree surfaces. Trichomes can be disposable, breaking apart or falling off over time. Trees have many types of thread-like growths on buds, leaves and roots, but none ofthem are hairs. Mammals have hair and fur. Trees have “trichomes.”Fuzzy trees
Champlain College,Champlain College in Burlington, Vermont, continues to climb in the college rankings, advancing to 13th place overall in the latest ranking in the 2012 “America’s Best Colleges,” released Tuesday by US News & World Report.Earlier this year, Champlain was included in The Princeton Review’s “376 Best Colleges 2012” edition and was named one of the Top 10 places to study game design by GamePro magazine.According to U.S. News “America’s Best Colleges,” Champlain ranks 13th in the listing of “Best Regional Colleges in the North” which includes all the New England states, New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Pennsylvania. There are 371 colleges in four regional categories of institutions that focus on undergraduate education and offer a range of degree programs in the liberal arts and professional fields. Champlain was ranked 17th last year in the category. Two years ago, the annual survey named Champlain College one of the “Up and Coming Schools” in the Northeast.Champlain College President David F. Finney on the recent rankings said, “This recognition and the others are a reflection of everyone at Champlain College for their continued commitment to providing the most student-centric, professionally-focused, education in the country.”Since 1878, Champlain College has provided career-focused education to students from its hilltop campus in Burlington. Champlain’s distinctive educational approach embodies the notion that true learning only occurs when information and experience come together to create knowledge. Champlain offers traditional undergraduate and online undergraduate courses, along with online certificate and degree programs and eight master’s degree programs. Champlain offers study abroad programs at its campuses in Montreal, Quebec and Dublin, Ireland. To learn more about Champlain College, visit www.champlain.edu(link is external).Champlain College tied with Seton Hill University in Pennsylvania. U.S. Coast Guard Academy in Connecticut was ranked number one in the North among schools that offer a broad range of programs in the liberal arts and in fields such as business and education. The 2012 edition of the U.S. News & World Report Best Colleges book is available online and will be on newsstands September 20.The U.S. News & World Report Best Colleges package represents the most comprehensive look at how more than 1,400 accredited four-year schools compare on a set of 15 widely accepted indicators of excellence. Among the many factors weighed in determining the rankings, the key measures of quality are: peer assessment, graduation and retention rates, faculty resources, student selectivity, financial resources, alumni giving, and graduation rate performance (National Universities and Liberal Art Colleges). A complete summary of the methodology used to rank each school can be found online at www.usnews.com/colleges(link is external).The ranking system is controversial among many higher education institutions. However, the publication’s editors defend its annual lists as a useful tool for parents and students. According to the authors of the U.S. News “America’s Best Colleges,” the rankings are “an excellent starting point because they offer the opportunity to judge the relative quality of institutions based on widely accepted indicators of excellence. You can compare different schools’ numbers at a glance, and looking at unfamiliar schools that are ranked near schools you know can be a good way to broaden your search. The report uses a range of statistics and criteria such as SAT scores, graduation rates and peer assessment to formulate the ranking. More details are available at www.usnews.com(link is external).Admission officers at Champlain College agree that the ranking is one way for students to learn about a school. “More importantly, we have found that prospective students are able to make the best decisions about their educational choices after visiting the campus, meeting other students, touring the facilities and using that knowledge to determine if a school is the right fit for their interests and career choices,” said Sarah Andriano, director of undergraduate admissions at Champlain College.Champlain College will hold the first of its Open Houses for high school seniors on Saturday, Sept. 17, with a full program of information for prospective students, campus tours and opportunities to meet with students and faculty. A second fall open house will be held Oct. 15. For more information, visit http://www.champlain.edu/Undergraduate-Studies/Admission/Visits-and-Even(link is external)…BURLINGTON, Vt. (Sept. 13, 2011) –
Does the cold weather have you feeling down? Warm up on the beach or by the fire with these winter destinations. Explore all of the food, lodging, and outdoor recreation these places have to offer. Don’t let the weather stop you from going outside and playing this winter. Escape to Towns County in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains of northeast Georgia. Although temperatures may be cooler in the winter, there is still plenty of adventure to find outside. Chattahoochee National Forest makes up two thirds of the county, providing plenty of space to explore.Only about 70 miles north of Atlanta, Ga., south of Asheville, N.C., and west of Greenville, S.C., Towns County is the perfect place to escape into the mountains for a few days without having to travel too far. Discover Brasstown Bald Mountain, Georgia’s highest peak at 4,784 feet above sea level. The observation deck at the top gives you a 360-degree view of the surrounding mountains and valleys. Hike up Bell Mountain in Hiawassee for what many consider to be an even better view of the area, especially of Lake Chatuge at sunset. A number of trails in the area lead to majestic waterfalls, ranging from short and easy hikes to longer and steeper climbs. Grab your mountain bike and head to the Jackrabbit trails, just over the border in North Carolina. Go for a horseback ride any time of the year, meandering over mountains, through valleys, and across rivers. Rent a boat on Lake Chatuge for some bass fishing or visit one of the three alpaca farms in the county while the animals show off their full winter coats.Cozy up at the end of a long day in one of Brasstown Valley Resort’s rooms or cottages with views of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Enjoy a glass of wine by the huge stone fireplace or dine in Brassies, a sports bar serving burgers, wraps, and more. Brasstown Valley offers an awesome buffet on Friday and Saturday evenings and brunch on Sunday. Stay at Brasstown Valley for access to their fantastic amenities, including horse stables, a golf course, and indoor pool. The peaceful ambiance and expert service at the spa will leave you feeling more relaxed than ever. Keep an eye on their schedule of weekly events around the resort and in town. Towns County offers a number of other bed and breakfasts, campgrounds, cabins, and hotels to fit your lodging needs. Venture in to town for more fun and food. Young Harris College puts on great art shows, music productions, and plays throughout the school year. The Rollins Planetarium on campus hosts public shows on Friday evenings, including a narrated seasonal stargazing segment and exploration of the world beyond this planet. Take a class at the John C. Campbell Folk School on art, cooking, gardening, and more or attend one of their free folk music concerts. The Georgia Mountain Fairgrounds welcomes visitors for annual festivals, like the State Fiddler’s Convention, concerts, and year round camping.Located on opposite ends of the county, Crane Creek Vineyards and Hightower Creek Vineyards both boast award-winning wines, tasting rooms, and views of the Northeast Georgia Mountains. Enjoy restaurants serving everything from pizza and barbecue to lakeside seafood and homemade pastries. There is no bad time to visit Towns County, Ga. The area is very active in the winter with music at restaurants, vineyards in full operation, resorts with intimate fireplaces, and hikes that go on for miles.
From riverside local parks to the majestic Blue Ridge Mountains, Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Va., are surrounded by an abundance of hiking opportunities. Winter is the perfect time for a quiet hike with less crowds and no bugs to worry about. Layer up, pack a hot drink, and hit the trails with these local suggestions. Don’t forget to wear your mask in public spaces and maintain social distancing even when outside. Keep the Adventure Going The fee ($30/vehicle, $25/motorcycle) to enter Shenandoah National Park is well worth the cost. Just off Skyline Drive, Riprap Trail offers stunning views of the Shenandoah Valley, rock scrambles, and creek crossings. Keep an eye out for the waterfall which may freeze over depending on temperatures. Plan for 45 minutes to drive to the parking lot from downton, plus an additional five to six hours to complete the full 9.1-mile loop. Nearby Turk Mountain Trail offers a shorter 2.5-mile out and back hike with a big reward at the overlook. These are but a few of the highlights that await you in Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Va. Explore dozens of trails that crisscross the city and county, discover new restaurants and craft beverages, and unwind with the Blue Ridge Mountains rising in the distance. Start planning your winter getaway today at VisitCharlottesville.org. Pippin Hill Vineyard All photos courtesy of Charlottesville Albemarle CVB Downtown Charlottesville is just a 25-minute drive from the southern end of Shenandoah National Park and the northern end of the Blue Ridge Parkway, both popular destinations for hikers, cyclists, and motorcyclists no matter the season. For the highest peaks, most dramatic overlooks and sunsets, toughest climbs, and best experiences, take these trails to experience a winter wonderland in the mountains. The Saunders-Monticello Trail is an accessible path winding through hardwood forests with views of Charlottesville and Albemarle County, especially when the trees are bare. Arrive early in the morning for an optimal experience. The main section of the trail is just over two miles long with access to a wide network of narrow paths, some of which lead as high as the edge of Carter Mountain Orchard and an arboretum with native trees and shrubs at Kemper Park. Just over the mountain are the Highland Rustic Trails, a system of rolling, scenic trails adjacent to the historic home of James Monroe. Be sure to tour the historic properties of James Monroe’s Highland while you’re there. Closer to town, there are a variety of ways to enjoy the sights of Charlottesville on foot. For scenic views of the water and city, the Rivanna River Trails are easily accessible from the Downtown Mall while offering access to different parts of town with a mix of paved and natural trails. Ivy Creek Natural Area also offers a range of trails, each of which are relatively flat and accessible. After a long day outside in the brisk mountain air, cozy up at one of the boutique hotels, bed & breakfasts, cabins, or other rentals in the area. You’re going to want to get a good night of rest before another day spent getting the most out of your trip. For a full list of available options, click here. There’s nothing better after a hike than a slice to go from Crozet Pizza, made fresh each day with a special family dough and sauce recipe. Pair it with a side of jalapeno poppers and a cold can of beer to toast to your getaway. Be sure to check out one of Charlottesville’s many other unique dining options while you’re in town, ranging from fast and casual to upscale. When visiting Charlottesville, you’ll be at the center of Virginia’s wine country. Set in a scenic location, Pollak Vineyards is a boutique winery focused on making French-style wines ranging from a sweet viognier to a full body cabernet sauvignon. Grab a bottle to go from their curbside pickup or reserve a seat on their porch and patio. Many wineries in the area have heated outdoor spaces so you can enjoy a drink safely outside while staying warm in the cold mountain air. Explore more drink options from Pro Re Nata Brewery, including their flagship craft beers, seasonal drafts, hard ciders, and a selection of local wines. Keep an eye on their calendar for live music held on their expansive lawn. The whole family will enjoy exploring Sugar Hollow in scenic Albemarle County as the trail follows the river, hugs a mountain, and ends at a cluster of swimming holes. Although it will be too cold to enjoy a swim, this loop is an excellent way to immerse yourself in nature and the winter stillness. Entrance to the Blue Ridge Parkway is free, with numerous overlooks and picnic spots along the way. But you can’t see the best views from the road. Hop on Humpback Rocks Trail, one of the most popular in the area, for a short but steep climb to a 360-degree view of the area making it a perfect sunrise and sunset spot. The Appalachian Trail parallels and crosses the Blue Ridge Parkway and Skyline Drive at several points, allowing you to tack on more miles to your route.
Each board member demonstrates an active openness to question complex, controversial, or ambiguous matters. Each board member behaves in the best interest of the organization. Our board, as a whole, does not accept easy answers; we ask powerful questions. Each board member asks difficult questions. Conducting oversight: Oversight requires expertise, deliberate dialogue, communication of expectations of financial strength, risk management, reputation and regulatory challenges, and evaluation of the board and the CEO. Do we have the financial strength to weather another economic setback? How is the CEO capable of leading the organization into the future, what support does he or she need, and what is the quality of our Board-CEO relationship? What do we, as a board, need to improve in our leadership?Earlier I mentioned a culture of inquiry, which I believe is a best practice for all high-performing teams and boards. A culture of inquiry encourages curiosity, maximizes engagement in gathering relevant information, and increases knowledge across the room. Equal access is provided in real time to all participants in order to provide a level setting for a rich and deliberate boardroom dialogue.Two other attributes of a culture of inquiry are active feedback mechanisms and an individual and collective commitment to success. A systematic process to help the board behave as a high performing board is necessary for a commitment to continuous improvement. The feedback mechanism is ideally at the end of every meeting (how did we perform as a board?) and through consistent feedback by the chair to each board member. An agreed-upon commitment for each board member and the board as a whole must be present in each conversation and meeting.A litmus test to determine if your board has a culture of inquiry is for each board member to agree that:Each board member shows up to the meetings ready to actively discuss the board packet. Understanding and ensuring how resources are allocated: This means receiving regular reports from the CEO on how resources are being allocated to fulfill on the direct set by the board and appropriately challenging and supporting. Each board member actively demonstrates continuous learning by reading, attending webinars/webcasts, and participating in ongoing board certification programs. 15SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Deedee Myers Deedee Myers is founder and CEO of DDJ Myers, Ltd. and co-founder of the Advancing Leadership Institute. For the past 20 years, she has been passionate about establishing and developing … Web: www.ddjmyers.com Details Each board member proactively participates in decision-making. Each board member actively evaluates issues, challenges, and opportunities from all sides before a decision is made. Each board member has mastered the skill of listening, appropriately analyzing issues, and professionally responding as part of our board dynamic. Each board member has and works their own customized board member development plan for the sake of increasing knowledge in the room.Use this simple litmus test at your next board meeting. Answers are simple: YES or NO. Answers that say Sometimes or I don’t know are treated as NO What is your energy level at the end of a board meeting? What are the unspoken comments inside your head as the meeting adjourns? Are they “Glad this is done and what’s for dinner?” Or “Time flew in this meeting – the dialogue was rich?”More boards are reshaping their agendas, board packets, and style of board conversation. They are doing this to move toward being a high-performing board with strategic readiness.Board agendas need to cover three main governance functions:Setting the organization’s directionEnsuring necessary resources are allocatedConducting oversightSounds pretty basic, right? Let’s take it a deeper level with examples.Setting the organization’s direction: This means approving the strategic plan, which is more than an episodic event every fall. Every month, an agenda topic needs to be a dive into questions like how are we fulfilling on our strategic plan? Are we on target? Has the target shifted? What is up for our future that needs our attention now?
Norway-based shipowner 2020 Bulkers has extended time charters for two of its vessels with Koch Supply and Trading.Under the new deal, the company’s Bulk Santiago and Bulk Seoul will continue working for Koch for another 11-13 months at an index linked rate reflecting a significant premium to the Baltic 5TC index.The time charters also include a sharing of the economic benefit from the scrubbers from January 1, 2020, with the majority of the benefit accruing to 2020 Bulkers, the shipowner explained.As part of the agreement, the index linked time charters will start on December 25, 2020, for Bulk Santiago and January 1, 2021, for Bulk Seoul, implying 130 days reduction in the maximum optional periods under the existing fixed rate time charters.
Batesville improved their record to 4-3 with a 66-40 win over Waldron.Mitch Esser led the Bulldogs with 16 points while Justin Nobbe added 13 and Austin Siefert 10. The Bulldogs had assists on 16 of their 22 FG attempts led by Austin Siefert with 5 assists, Kyle Siefert with 3, and Esser with 2. Esser also led the team with 9 rebounds. Luke Schroeder added 8, John Harmeyer 7, and Sam Haskamp 6. Austin Siefert led the team with 4 steals while Harmeyer and Trey Heidlage added 2 a piece.The Bulldogs will be in action again as they face the Milan Indians in the opening round of the JV Ripley County tournament on Thursday night in Batesville following the girls JV game.Courtesy of Bulldogs Coach Eric Feller.
DILLSBORO, Ind. — LifeTime Resources announced their annual Angel Tree project.The Angel Tree enables the community to help spread Christmas cheer to older adults and persons with disabilities that may not otherwise receive gifts during the holiday season.Community “Angels” can assist the Angel Tree project in two ways.They may call or stop by the LifeTime office to select a client “Angel” ornament with gift ideas already listed, or they may donate a gift card that will be used to provide gifts.To ensure timely delivery, gifts and/or gift cards must be dropped off or mailed to LifeTime Resources by December 2, 2016.LifeTime is located at 13091 Benedict Drive on Highway 50 in Dillsboro.For more information on how you can be an Angel this Christmas season, please contact Jennifer McClellan @ 812-432-5215 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad (CMC) – Former politician and FIFA vice-president Austin ‘Jack’ Warner on Wednesday lost his lawsuit challenging his extradition to the United States.Warner is wanted by authorities to answer charges of fraud arising out of a Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) bribery scandal.Delivering a 50-page ruling in the High Court on Wednesday, Justice James Aboud dismissed the claim for judicial review brought by Warner.That lawsuit challenged the process used by the Office of the Attorney General in signing off on the U.S. Government’s request for his extradition in May 2015.It now means that the extradition proceedings in the Port-of-Spain Magistrate’s Court will resume.That matter was on hold while Warner’s challenge was being heard.There was agreement, however, for the stay on the extradition proceedings to remain for 28 days to give Warner time to consider whether he wants to appeal the decision.Indicted by U.S. authorities over allegations of racketeering, wire fraud and money-laundering conspiracies spanning 24 years, Warner is charged with 12 offences related to racketeering, corruption and money-laundering allegedly committed in the jurisdiction of the United States and Trinidad and Tobago, dating as far back as 1990.Warner claims the case against him is politically motivated and accuses the United States of seeking revenge because it lost to Qatar in its bid to host the 2022 World Cup.
(REUTERS) – The wife of former world heavyweight boxing champion Leon Spinks has asked for prayers for her husband amid a media report that he is in a Las Vegas hospital in a serious condition.“It’s been a tough year for us,” Brenda Spinks wrote in a Facebook post.“Leon has endured a lot of medical problems. I’m reaching out to ask you to kindly pray for my beautiful husband Leon, so that he may overcome the obstacles that have crossed his path.”Celebrity website TMZ says Spinks is “fighting for his life” with an undisclosed condition. Reuters could not immediately confirm the accuracy of the report.The 66-year-old will forever be known for beating Muhammad Ali in one of boxing’s greatest upsets in their 1978 world heavyweight title fight.Missouri-born Spinks had previously won gold at the 1976 Montreal Olympics.He has endured several health problems in recent years, and in 2014 underwent abdominal surgery.