Controversial container fee slashed from $25,000 to $5000 – M&CC

first_imgThe controversial ,000 container fee was slashed to 00 as an interim measure following discussions last Friday between Georgetown Mayor and City Council (M&CC) and the Private Sector Commission (PSC).Town Clerk Royston King said in a statement that discussions and deliberations on the issue concluded with those in attendance proposing that the Council reduce the container fee to 00 as an interim measure.“It will be collected at the source, at the various Ports and Wharves, effective 1st of August, 2016,” King said.He said that the meeting, held in an atmosphere of understanding and cooperation, also examined other issues.The blocked entrance of John Fernandes Wharf after fee standoffOn July 19, the M&CC blocked several streets in Georgetown and its environs, demanding that a $25,000 fee be paid for each container to traverse the city streets.The management staff of John Fernandes Terminal had told Guyana Times that they were approached by Deputy Town Clerk Sherry Jerrick on behalf of the M&CC and were informed that all laden container trucks must pay a fee of $25,000 to traverse the city streets or be blocked at the wharves.M&CC officials were also present outside the Muneshwer’s Wharf, where they also prevented container trucks from entering or leaving the location unless the $25,000 fee was paid.While there, Deputy Town Clerk Jerrick told the media that the City Council was merely invoking Numbers 273 and 274 of its by-laws with respect to the use of its roads by vehicles of a “certain weight”.However, the Council was forced to abandon the demand after Shipping Association of Guyana (SAG) moved to the High Court challenging the M&CC’s decision to impose the new fee.The SAG in its court documents filed, emphasised that the Municipal and Municipal District Councils Act, Ch 28:01 and by-laws does not provide for the imposition of such a tax.According to the Notice of Motion, the SAG through Attorneys Sase Gunraj and Christopher Ram, sought to have an Order or Rule Nisi of Certiorari directed to Royston King, Town Clerk of the City of Georgetown, quashing the decision made on July 19, 2016 to block and/or impede access of vehicles transporting shipping containers on streets within the City of Georgetown unless a fee of $25,000 per container is paid.This application was made on the grounds that the decision is contrary to and in violation of Municipal and Municipal District Councils Act, Ch 28:01 and by-laws made there under, is biased, without jurisdiction, made in bad faith, is unreasonable, arbitrary, capricious, mala fide, malicious, vindictive, unlawful, ultra vires, null, void and of no legal effect.The SAG is seeking for Town Clerk Royston King to show some cause as to why the said Order or Rule Nisi of Certiorari should not be made absolute. The PSC in an earlier statement had said that it was increasingly concerned at the approach of the M&CC to make such decisions to raise revenue, which negatively impacts the business community and the citizens of Georgetown, without any public consultation and without due process within the law.It went on to say too that it is cognisant of the city requiring sufficient revenue to be run efficiently; however, the Council should take an inclusive approach by engaging stakeholders in the decision-making process, which will serve the interest of all parties.Nevertheless, the PSC Commission said it was looking forward to further discussions on the matter with the hope it results in a sensible and professional resolution reflecting the mutual interests of the business community, the citizens and the municipality.It appears that the most recent meetings and discussions between the PSC and M&CC were reflective of such.last_img read more

Opposition welcomes audit, wants findings made public

first_imgGECOM’s radio set fiascoAllegations of high-level corruption at the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM) has caught the attention of the political opposition, and the Office of the Leader of the Opposition, Bharrat Jagdeo, has called for there to be full public disclosure of the final report of an audit into the electoral body being conducted by the Audit Office of Guyana over an alleged racket involving the procurement of several radio sets ahead of last year’s national elections.GECOM Chairman,Dr Steve SurujballyGECOM CEO Keith LowenfieldState auditors earlier this month launched a major probe after the Audit Office of Guyana reportedly noticed some discrepancies with the purchasing of 50 VHF communication radios by GECOM for close to $100 million, prior to the May 11, 2015 general and regional elections, raising concerns over the extraordinarily high cost of r the equipment.Jagdeo’s office, in a statement, said that it noted with “deep concern” the allegations of irregularity and the implications of corruption in the procurement of the communication equipment.It added that it was equally concerned with “the corresponding silence” of GECOM’s Chairman, Dr Steve Surujbally, and the Chief Elections Officer, Keith Lowenfield.“As an independent constitutional body, GECOM enjoys financial, functional and operational autonomy and like every agency which is financed with public funds must account in a transparent manner for the expenditure of these funds,” Jagdeo’s office said.The Opposition Leader’s Office believes that the Commission is expending “herculean efforts and a tremendous amount of time” in attempting to dismiss and/or delay the hearing and determination of the Elections petition filed on behalf of the PPP/C, “because it will expose the electoral machinery and system administered and managed by GECOM to public scrutiny – an exercise, which they fervently wish to avoid.”Jagdeo’s office said that in the circumstances, it welcomes the decision to conduct an audit of these transactions by the Office of the Auditor General and demand that the findings of this audit be made public. Based on reports, the radio sets were purchased for use during the 2015 General and Regional Elections, particular in the outlying regions of Guyana; however, they were never put into use after it was discovered many of them were not working.Later, information surfaced that while the electoral body would have collected quotations from a number of suppliers, it handed the contract for the supply of the equipment to Mobile Authority, a company owned by a Water Street, Georgetown businessman.But media reports later surfaced that some of the equipment purchased were obsolete and were not covered by warranty.As a matter of fact, sections of the Guyanese media reported that the Australian-based manufacture, Barrett Communications, through its European office, distanced itself from the purchase.The company made it clear that it had ceased to produce the equipment more than five years ago. Barrett said it had also tendered through the Advanced Office Systems for the supply of new radio equipment for the 2015 elections; however, GECOM subsequently cancelled the order.There are also fresh reports of even more questionable procurements by the body, with reports now surfacing that the Commission doled out close to another $100 million to M-Tech Business Solutions, another company owned by the same Water Street businessman, this time for the supply of toners used for photocopiers and printers.last_img read more

Denny Morrison wins a Bronze

first_imgCanadian Denny Morrison has won a bronze medal at the world single distances speedskating championships, finishing third behind a pair of Americans in the men’s 1,500 metres. Shani Davis of the U.S., captured gold in one minute 46.19 seconds while Trevor Marsicano took silver in 1:46.30. Morrison, a native of Fort St. John, B.C., finished in 1:47.05 at the Richmond Olympic Oval, the speedskating venue for next year’s Vancouver Winter Games. Morrison came in as the defending world champion but Davis was the favourite after breaking the Canadian’s world record at a World Cup in Salt Lake City last week. – Advertisement -Davis’s time of 1:41.80 shaved about a third of a second from Morrison’s previous record of 1:42.01 seconds last spring in Calgary. Morrison won a gold and a bronze in the 1,500 on the World Cup circuit this season.last_img read more

‘Where have you been hiding!?’ – Tottenham fans elated after star man breaks season duck against Man City

first_imgHe’s back!Harry Kane ended his personal domestic drought with a tidy finish against Manchester City to put Tottenham 3-1 up at White Hart Lane on Saturday.Spurs looked all set to stun the Premier League leaders, with Kane’s strike doubling their advantage over Manuel Pellegrini’s side.The 21-year-old reacted quickest to Christian Eriksen’s free kick which rattled the woodwork, pouncing to convert the rebound into an unguarded net after 61 minutes.Understandably, Spurs fans went into meltdown on Twitter as they heralded the return of their star man – and some of the best reactions are below: Harry Kane 1last_img

GOSSIP: Man United in second Morata bid, Mbappe staying at Monaco, Costa shocker

first_imgHere are all the top transfer-related stories and football headlines in Thursday’s newspapers…Diego Costa claims he has been told by Chelsea manager Antonio Conte that he is free to leave the club this summer. FULL STORY HEREManchester United have issued a £60million take-it-or-leave-it offer to Real Madrid for striker Alvaro Morata, after the Spanish giants turned down an opening bid of £54.7million. (Daily Mirror)United have received a huge boost with reports that Real has cooled their interest in goalkeeper David de Gea. (Marca)If their pursuit of Morata fails, United could turn their attention to Torino striker Andrea Belotti, although they will be forced to fork out £87m to trigger his buy-out clause and sign him. (Manchester Evening News)Meanwhile, Wayne Rooney’s potential Old Trafford exit could be hindered by his wage demands, with reports suggesting Everton will be unable to afford their former striker. (Daily Star)Chelsea are preparing a player-plus-cash deal for Juventus centre-back Leonardo Bonucci. The Premier League champions will offer £48m, PLUS midfielder Nemanja Matic to get the Italian to Stamford Bridge. (The Sun)Tottenham are hiking up their asking price for Kyle Walker, who has been strongly linked with a move to Manchester City. (Daily Mirror)Spurs are also plotting a £15m move for Borussia Dortmund defender Matthias Ginter. (The Independent)Out-of-favour Chelsea striker Michy Batshuayi is a reported target for Spanish club Sevilla. (@DeadlineDayLive on Twitter)Monaco’s in-demand teenage wonderkid Kylian Mbappe is ready to snub a move to Real Madrid and stay with the Ligue 1 champions this summer. (Le Parisien)Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi has ‘agreed in principal’ to a new deal at the Nou Camp, according to reports. (Daily Mirror)Here are the latest talkSPORT.com headlines and transfer stories:?Transfer SHOCK! Liverpool abandon Virgil van Dijk interest and apologise to SouthamptonTottenham transfer news: Barcelona keeping tabs on Christian Eriksen ahead of summer spreeJohn Collins has accused Romelu Lukaku of showing a lack of respect towards Everton – and questioned whether he is good enough for a ‘top’ teamNolito wants to leave Manchester City: ‘My daughter’s face has changed colour – it looks like she’s been living in a cave’Tottenham transfer latest: Kyle Walker refuses to discuss Manchester City links and offers ‘no indication at all’ over futureChelsea and Manchester City target Leonardo Bonucci ‘open to Premier League switch’ – reportsLiverpool transfer ALERT! Reds ready to launch bid for £39m-rated Sporting Lisbon star Gelson MartinsNewcastle United target Pepe Reina has rejected a contract extension from NapoliLazio star Keita Balde Diao has rejected offers from Everton and Liverpool, according to reports in Italylast_img read more

FORGET DANNY WILLETT – IT WAS ALL ABOUT GERALD DALTON AT DUNFANAGHY ON SUNDAY

first_imgGolfplayerDunfanaghy Golf Club Notes:Gaeltacht League Final.Another busy weekend at Dunfanaghy GC started with the final of the Gaeltacht league on Saturday morning. The Rosapenna team started the day with a slender lead and managed to maintain that lead after a tough battle with Gweedore and Dunfanaghy GC. Well done to the Rosapenna lads. Congratulations also to Gerald Dalton who won the individual prize, a very prestigious achievement indeed. The golf was followed by a presentation in the clubhouse where there was a great atmosphere. Our Captain Denis Martin commended all the teams on their efforts throughout the winter before presenting the prizes.While the sun shone brightly on Sunday, scoring was very difficult due to a very cold easterly breeze. Well done to Brian Wallace who took first place with 38 points.Rose Gavigan and Sean Duffy jnr competed during the week in the qualifier for the Dubai Duty Free Irish Open Pro Am in Rockmount. In very tough conditions, they scored well but missed out narrowly on qualification for the next stage.The committee would also like to express their thanks and gratitude to all those who helped out on “Divot Day” over the Easter Holidays. There was a great turnout and the work was completed within a couple of hours. The course will benefit greatly from this in the weeks ahead. Junior Golf:12 players turned up for the junior competition on Saturday morning.The cadets had a very competitive few holes with Sean Mc Bride taking the honours. This was Sean’s first win and was a well deserved reward for all his hard work. Keep up the practice Sean.In the juveniles section we had an extremely close competition but in the end it was Andy Ward who held out for a very impressive win. Andy is one of our most dedicated and consistent players. He always plays with a terrific attitude and is a fine example to the younger boys who have joined our cadets section. Well done again Andy. Congratulations also to Lucas Wood who won shot of the day with a great sand save on the 15th.In the senior boys Conor Hanna won first prize with James Sweeney second and Oisin Cannon third. Competition Results:Club Single S/F Sunday 10-April-20161st                    Brian Wallace                           38pts2nd                    Aidan Fox                                37pts Gross               Daniel mcColgan                     29pts3rd                   Micheal McColgan Jnr 36ptsCategory          Frank Kelly                              34ptsJuvenile            Connor Hanna                          36ptsCSS 35ptsGAELTACHT ALLIANCE FINAL:Individual Results:1st        Ger Dalton, Dunfanaghy            43pts2nd        Rory Mangan, Gweedore         42ptsGross   Daniel Boyle, Cruit                   383rd        James Gallagher, Cruit  41 BOT4th        Hugo Duggan, Rosapenna         41 BOTTeam Results:Team 1 Rosapenna       412Team 2 Gweedore        404Team 3 Dunfanaghy      401Gaeltacht Alliance Dunfanaghy Golf Club Final Results:1st        Dean McColgan                       402nd        Andy Murray                39Gross   B Griffin                       38Events for the Week Ahead:Wednesday 13th of April Open Single StablefordSaturday 16th April – Open Singles StablefordSunday 17th April – Charlie Robinson Cup Singles Stableford GOYMonday 19th April – Ladies & Gents Open Seniors (50+)Function Room for Private Parties:We have hosted a number of private functions in the clubhouse recently and these have proved to be a great success. If you, or someone you know, is organising a private function please be aware that the clubhouse is available free of charge, with exclusive use for the occasion. So far, the feedback that we have been getting is that the golf club is the ideal venue for parties of up to one hundred people. Please make contact with Sarah if you are interested in holding a function at the clubhouse (074 91 36335)FORGET DANNY WILLETT – IT WAS ALL ABOUT GERALD DALTON AT DUNFANAGHY ON SUNDAY was last modified: April 12th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:DunfanaghygolfSportlast_img read more

Health Warning: Avoid the flu and get the vaccine this winter!

first_imgWith October  now upon us the Irish Pharmacy Union (IPU) has today issued a reminder to people, especially those in at-risk categories, to avoid the flu and serious illness by getting their flu vaccination at their local pharmacy as soon as possible.At-risk groups include elderly people, pregnant women, people with chronic illnesses and healthcare workers.All those in an at-risk group who hold a medical card can avail of the flu vaccine free of charge at their local pharmacy. Official figures show that over 62,000 people availed of the flu vaccine in community pharmacies across Ireland in 2015/2016, an increase of 22% on the previous year. IPU research found that, of these, one in seven, i.e. 13%, were availing of the vaccine for the first time and 96% of them were in the at-risk category.Flu is a highly-infectious illness and the season lasts from October to April. The flu virus can be spread by coughing or sneezing and can be spread from 1-2 days before you develop symptoms and for up to a week after symptoms develop. It is estimated that flu is responsible for between 200 and 500 deaths each year in Ireland, mostly elderly patients. Research has shown that the flu vaccine cuts the risk of death from influenza for elderly patients and reduces the chance of hospitalisation.Caitriona O’ Riordan, Pharmacist and member of the Executive Committee of the Irish Pharmacy Union, said, “We have seen a significant increase in the numbers availing of the flu vaccine in pharmacies over the last five years, from 9,000 in 2011/2012 up to 62,000 in 2015/2016. “It is important to remember that flu is an extremely contagious respiratory illness and can lead to serious illness, even death, particularly for elderly patients and those suffering from chronic illnesses or a weakened immune system. The flu vaccination, which is available in your local pharmacy, is the best way to reduce your chances of getting seasonal flu and spreading it to others.  “It is important that patients, especially at-risk patients, get the flu vaccine every year. The more people who get vaccinated, the less flu can spread through the community. We are encouraging as many people as possible to visit a pharmacy and get vaccinated.”It can often be difficult to tell the difference between the common cold and flu. A cold is a much less severe illness than flu. Flu symptoms, particularly fever and muscle aches, come on suddenly, whereas a cold usually starts gradually with symptoms of a sore throat and a blocked or runny nose.The following provides information on how to tell the difference between a cold and the flu.SymptomsSeasonal fluColdFeverHigh fever lasts 3-4 daysRareHeadacheProminentRareGeneral Aches, PainsUsual; often severeSlightFatigue, WeaknessCan last up to 2-3 weeksQuite mildExtreme ExhaustionEarly and prominentNeverStuffy NoseSometimesCommonSneezingSometimesUsualSore ThroatSometimesCommonChest Discomfort, CoughCommon; can become severeMild to moderate; hacking cough Health Warning: Avoid the flu and get the vaccine this winter! was last modified: October 1st, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Passengers pay more for airline extras

first_imgAmerica’s expert consultancy on airline fare add-ons is expected to report next month that so-called ancillary revenue has grown by at least another 20 per cent in the past year as the air fare pricing revolution becomes a permanent feature of the travel landscape.IdeaWorks’ November update will follow its 2016 Ancillary Revenue Yearbook, published last month, which details, airline by airline, how dependent the air travel industry now is on so-called a la carte pricing, which travel consumers have taken to in the past decade.The numbers bluntly illustrate why there’s no going back to the era of fully inclusive air fare pricing: airlines globally are collecting around $US60 billion in air fare add-ons. But the global airline industry is collectively making less than $US40 billion profit – one of the best (or least worst) years for an industry which is said to have lost more money than it has ever made, but still a paltry return on an estimated $US717 billion in revenue.In other words, take away a la carte pricing and airlines are collectively losing $US20 billion a year.There’s no doubt that consumers reacted badly when airlines – having to devise new ways to recover their losses when fuel prices soared last decade – started to charge them for items that were previously “free”. Complaints against airlines soared.It wasn’t helped by the fact that the new extras pricing is for products and services that cost airlines next to nothing to provide – like preferred seating. Even the new baggage charges – once originally part of the ticket price – are based on steep markups on the cost actually incurred in airport ground-handling.But, as average air fares globally continue to fall, travellers have realised they’re not paying any more overall. In fact, a la carte pricing  has been most successful among price-sensitive travellers flying on low-cost airlines on holiday routes.”Low-cost carriers rely upon a la carte activity by aggressively seeking revenue from checked bags, assigned seats, and extra leg room seating,” says IdeaWorks’ 2016 Ancillary Revenue Yearbook. “Some of the best in this category have extensive holiday package business with route structures built upon leisure destinations.  Allegiant in the US and Jet2.com in the UK share the common bond of emphasizing leisure travel; the airlines essentially are holiday package companies that own an airline.”To that category you can add low-cost Asia Pacific carriers like Scoot, AirAsia and AirAsia X, Jetstar and Tigerair, all of which are focused on holiday routes and use add-on pricing options, though they lack the aggressiveness of the so-called ultra-low-cost carriers of North America.In the US, the fast-growing Spirit Airlines is the world leader in a la carte pricing, deriving 43.4 per cent – or $US51.80 per passenger – of its total revenue from optional extras. Spirit is one of the few airlines globally that charges for cabin luggage carried onto its planes by passengers – from $US35 to $100 per passenger, dearer even than its checked baggage fees that range from $30 to $50.The number two airline globally is also a US ultra-low-cost holiday airline, Allegiant, which derives 37.6 per cent of its totally revenue from extras, an average of $US49.94 per passenger.It’s not just on short-haul low-cost networks where a la carte pricing has taken over. Ideaworks’ yearbook notes that trans-Atlantic carriers Norwegian Air Shuttle and Icelandair, as well as Jetstar and Scoot in the Asia-Pacific are “dedicated to an a la carte mission on long haul flights”.”IdeaWorksCompany believes the outcome is very predictable –basic economy (without add-on extras) will eventually be offered on long haul markets by carriers with names like American, Lufthansa, KLM, and United,” the report says. “Some may mourn the passing of simpler times when a long-haul ticket price included the promise of a checked bag, seat assignment, and an oftentimes inedible meal. “But consumer behaviour supports the popularity of seat-only tickets that deliver a lower price.  The array of choices provided by a la carte methods allows these consumers to click and pay a premium for more comfort and convenience.  Ancillary revenue represents the safety net which determines whether low fares can coexist with airline profitability.”Air travel consumers can now add to their checklist their own survey of how hungry their chosen carrier is for extras. The alphabetical listing of airlines showing what percentage of revenue each derives from ancillaries begins on Page 20 of the 2016 IdeaWorks Ancillary Revenue Yearbook.last_img read more

NuoYa005 New Stylish Lolita Harajuku Curly Wavy Long Hair Full Wig Anime Cosplay Wigs – Fast deliver, quality bargain

first_imgGreat colour, texture and fitting. Great quality and nice colour. Very easy to wear, as its not heavy or bulky like some others. Wonderful choice of colours end great prices. Would, and have use seller again. Fast deliver, quality bargainMakes me look like a completely different person 🙂Beautiful! Lovely and soft Came earlier than expected, nice. It’s a nice, deep plum colour: a little too long for everyday use and i’m nervous as to begin cutting it. It might be elevated or hung however: as a first-timer, i made the mistake of not being incredibly careful and it has become very tangly very quickly. I also suggest wearing a hat: it looked very odd on my head without one. I had many compliments, however. Makes me look like a completely different person :). Slightly brighter red than the picture and maybe a little bit longer but looks absolutely beautiful. It’d comfortable to wear and is good quality too. Fast deliver, quality bargain. Not as plummy as shown but still lovely & comfortable, her is soft & natural looking, slight shedding but for the price this is a lovely bargain if you like changing it up. Highly recommend & delivery is quite fast considering the distance. It’s a nice, deep plum colour: a little too long for everyday use and i’m nervous as to begin cutting it. It might be elevated or hung however: as a first-timer, i made the mistake of not being incredibly careful and it has become very tangly very quickly. I also suggest wearing a hat: it looked very odd on my head without one. I had many compliments, however. Great quality and nice colour. Great colour, texture and fitting. Came earlier than expected, nice. A slightly brighter red and slightly shorter that the picture, but it has a very comfortable fit and is very soft and not bulky in the least. A slightly brighter red and slightly shorter that the picture, but it has a very comfortable fit and is very soft and not bulky in the least. Makes me look like a completely different person :). Slightly brighter red than the picture and maybe a little bit longer but looks absolutely beautiful. It’d comfortable to wear and is good quality too. Fast deliver, quality bargain. Not as plummy as shown but still lovely & comfortable, her is soft & natural looking, slight shedding but for the price this is a lovely bargain if you like changing it up. Highly recommend & delivery is quite fast considering the distance. Very easy to wear, as its not heavy or bulky like some others. Wonderful choice of colours end great prices. Would, and have use seller again. SummaryReviewer Nathalie DuboisReview Date2018-02-08 22:46:09Reviewed Item NuoYa005 New Stylish Lolita Harajuku Curly Wavy Long Hair Full Wig Anime Cosplay WigsRating 1.0 / 5  stars, based on  18  reviewscenter_img Posted on February 8, 2018Author Nathalie DuboisCategories Wigslast_img read more

Vacuum-Insulated Windows

first_imgLast week we took at look at one way to achieve very-high-performance windows: adding additional layers of glazing and multiple low-emissivity (low-e) coatings. This week, we’ll look at another option that’s even higher-tech: vacuum-insulated glass.We know how well vacuums work in reducing heat flow. That’s how Thermos bottles function. We have a thirty-year-old Stanley Thermos bottle at home that keeps hot chocolate piping hot for eight hours. Most of the air molecules have been removed from the double-walled stainless steel shell of a Thermos bottle, and this dramatically slows conductive and convective heat flow. You might remember from high-school physics that conduction depends on having molecules close together so that kinetic energy can be transferred from one molecule to the next, while convection depends on molecules of a warm fluid (such as air) moving from one place to another and transferring heat in the process.The same principle can be used in a window if the space between two layers of glass is evacuated. That’s what Michigan-based Guardian Industries, one of the world’s largest glass manufacturers, is doing with its Vacuum-Insulated Glass (VIG). While not yet on the market, Guardian has had this product under development for a number of years–and a few foreign companies have VIG windows on the market already.Guardian’s product separates two layers of glass by a very thin space–just 250 microns or a quarter-millimeter–using tiny, almost invisible “pillars” to keep the panes of glass from sucking together and touching. Instead of standard clear glass, Guardian uses an advanced low-e glass as one of the layers. The use of low-e glass is critically important, because it slows down the third form of heat transfer through windows: radiation. Radiant heat flow can occur without air, so this becomes the primary means of heat loss through a VIG window.The performance of Guardian’s VIG glazing is indeed very good. Scott Thomsen, vice president and chief technology officer at Guardian Industries, told me that their VIG will achieve at least R-10 (center-of-glass) insulation, with potential for R-12. The use of the latest-generation low-e coating is crucial to this level of performance. If the company were using the best low-e from five years ago (which was made by sandwiching two low-e coatings together–low-e2), the performance would only be about R-7 center-of-glass. The newest low-e sandwiches three layers together (low-e3), significantly increasing the insulating performance of the VIG.The company has been aiming for performance comparable to a triple-glazed window with two low-e coatings and krypton gas fill—the sort of window I wrote about last week. Thomsen says they will achieve this performance at about the cost of a triple-glazed window with argon gas fill (argon is a lot cheaper than krypton) and with a VIG glazing unit just over a quarter-inch thick, rather than over an inch for triple glazing.Even though the vacuum needed in a VIG window is “softer” than that used in a Thermos bottle (10-4 torr instead of 10-6 torr in the parlance of vacuum physics, or one-hundredth as strong a vacuum), the edge seal is still extremely important. If the vacuum seal is lost, that R-10 to R-12 window would probably end up not much better than R-2.According to Thomsen, the edge seal is a “hermetic, glass-to-glass bond using a non-organic, lead-free solder glass frit material.” In other words, it’s not a glue or traditional sealant that’s commonly used in sealed insulated-glass units. He tells me that the “frit” is a “modified version of a proven material that has been around for several decades” and is used in both flat-screen and older-style, picture-tube televisions.One drawback to a VIG window is that the tiny pillars that keep the panes of glass separated slightly affect the optical clarity of the windows. When viewed at a low angle, these tiny beads are visible to some people. Guardian has found in focus groups that about 50% of people were able to see them. It’s unclear how much of an issue this will be in windows used for views; it shouldn’t make any difference in windows above the vision plane or in skylights.Guardian hopes to begin initial production of their VIG in late 2011 with fully automated production anticipated for mid-2012. Thomsen expects that their VIG will begin trickling into the market in early 2012, depending on how quickly their partners proceed with product development. (Guardian provides glass to window manufacturers; the company does not itself produce finished windows.) He anticipates that initial market growth will be strongest in Europe, where stricter energy codes will go into effect in 2012, followed by the U.S. when Phase II Energy Star standards are instituted.We are in for some exciting times in the window industry for sure! What do you think? Are vacuum-insulated glazings going to make it?I invite you to share your comments on this blog. You can also follow my musings on Twitter.last_img read more